Understanding the Different Types of Gum Disease

Understanding the Different Types of Gum Disease

Posted by Tyler Christensen Feb 22, 2024

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Christensen Dental: Understanding the Different Types of Gum Disease

Christensen Dental


As the gateway to your overall health, your oral health plays a crucial role in maintaining your well-being. One of the most common oral health issues that people face is gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. Gum disease can lead to serious consequences if left untreated, including tooth loss and potential impacts on systemic health. To help you better understand this condition, Christensen Dental is here to explain the different types of gum disease and their implications for your oral health.


1. Gingivitis:

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and is often characterized by red, swollen gums that may bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing. This early stage of gum disease is typically caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque – a sticky film of bacteria – to build up on the teeth and gums. Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible with professional dental cleanings at our Henderson dental office. and with improved oral care at home.


2. Periodontitis:

If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to a more advanced stage known as periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs when the plaque hardens into tartar, leading to the formation of pockets between the gums and teeth. These pockets can become infected, causing the body's immune system to respond by breaking down the bone and connective tissue that holds the teeth in place. As periodontitis advances, the gums can recede, teeth may become loose, and tooth loss can occur.  Periodontal pockets are measured by our hygienists at your cleaning appointment.  You will hear your hygienist call out a number to be recorded by one of Christensen Dental’s dental assistants.  They are using a perio probe to measure the pocket depth in millimeters. Pocket depths of 1-3 indicate a healthy mouth.  Pocket depths of 4mm or greater indicate periodontitis.


3. Advanced Periodontitis:

Aggressive periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease that can occur in patients who are otherwise healthy. This condition typically causes rapid loss of gum attachment and bone destruction. Aggressive periodontitis may affect only certain areas of the mouth, such as the first molars and incisors, and can lead to significant tooth loss if not properly managed by a dental professional.  As mentioned above, perio pockets are measured by one of our hygienists.  A perio pocket depth of 7 mm or more indicates advanced periodontitis.  This requires a cleaning close to the roots of the teeth and may require you to see a specialist known as a Periodontist.


 Preventing Gum Disease:

Preventing gum disease begins with a good oral hygiene routine, which includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings. In addition to proper oral care, avoiding tobacco products, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy diet can contribute to the prevention of gum disease.


Seeking Treatment:

If you suspect that you may have gum disease, it's essential to seek treatment at Christensen Dental promptly. The early stages of gum disease can often be managed with professional cleanings at our Henderson dental office, along with improved home care.  Advanced stages may require more extensive treatments such as scaling and root planing, gum surgery, or antibiotic therapy.


At Christensen Dental, we are committed to helping our patients achieve and maintain optimal oral health. If you have concerns about gum disease or would like to schedule a dental check-up, please contact our office, or visit our website at www.christensendental.com to request an appointment. Our Henderson dental team is here to provide personalized care and support to help you preserve a healthy smile for years to come.

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10521 Jeffreys St #200,
Henderson, NV 89052

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